1. Checklist of Falkland native vascular plants

Latin name

Common name

Frequency across the Falkland Islands

Global Red-Listing

National Red-Listing

Conservation notes1

Abrotanella emarginata

Notched Moss-bog

Occasional

 

LC

 

Acaena antarctica

Antarctic Prickly-burr

Very rare

 

VU

 

Acaena lucida

Native Yarrow

Frequent

 

LC

 

Acaena magellanica

Prickly-burr

Frequent

 

LC

 

Acaena ovalifolia

Oval-leaved Prickly-burr

Scarce

 

LC

 

Acaena pumila

Dwarf Prickly-burr

Rare

 

LC

 

Adiantum chilense

Maidenhair-fern

Very rare

 

EN

Protected

Agoseris coronopifolium

Fuegian Hawks-beard

Occasional

 

LC

 

Agrostis magellanica

Fuegian Bent

Occasional

 

LC

 

Agrostis meyenii

Meyen's Bent

Scarce

 

LC

 

Alopecurus magellanicus

Fuegian Foxtail

Rare

 

VU

 

Anagallis alternifolia var. densifolia

Pimpernel

Frequent

 

LC

 

Apium australe

Wild Celery

Frequent

 

LC

 

Arachnitis uniflora

Spider-flower

Very rare

 

EN

 

Armeria maritima

Thrift

Occasional

 

LC

 

Asplenium dareoides

Spleenwort

Rare

 

EN

 

Astelia pumila

Soft-camp-bog

Occasional

 

LC

 

Azorella filamentosa

Wiry Azorella

Frequent

 

LC

 

Azorella lycopodioides

Clubmoss Azorella

Frequent

 

LC

 

Azorella monantha

Tufted Azorella

Scarce

 

LC

 

Azorella selago

Cushion Azorella

Rare

 

LC

 

Baccharis magellanica

Christmas-bush

Common

 

LC

 

Blechnum cordatum

Chilean Tall-fern

Rare

 

VU

 

Blechnum magellanicum

Tall-fern

Frequent

 

LC

 

Blechnum penna-marina

Small-fern

Common

 

LC

 

Bolax gummifera

Balsam-bog

Frequent

 

LC

 

Botrychium dusenii

Dusen's Moonwort

Very rare

 

EN

Protected

Calandrinia nitida

Unidentified species

Rare

 

DD

 

Calceolaria biflora

Yellow Lady's Slipper

Very rare

 

CR

 

Calceolaria fothergillii

Lady's Slipper

Occasional, ENDEMIC

LC

LC

 

Callitriche antarctica

Water-starwort

Frequent

 

LC

 

Cardamine glacialis

Bitter-cress

Occasional

 

LC

 

Carex acaulis

Small Dusky Sedge

Rare

 

VU

 

Carex aematorrhyncha var. corralensis

Blood-beak Sedge

Rare

 

LC

 

Carex banksii

Bank's Sedge

Very rare

 

CR

 

Carex caduca

Caducous Sedge

Scarce

 

LC

 

Carex canescens

White Sedge

Scarce

 

LC

 

Carex decidua

Creek Sedge

Rare

 

LC

 

Carex fuscula

Dusky Sedge

Occasional

 

LC

 

Carex macloviana

Falkland Sedge

Rare

 

VU

 

Carex magellanica

Fuegian Sedge

Rare

 

EN

 

Carex microglochin subsp. fuegina

Bristle Sedge

Scarce

 

LC

 

Carex sagei

Sage's Sedge

Very rare

 

EN

 

Carex trifida

Sword-grass

Scarce

 

LC

 

Carex vallis-pulchrae

Marsh Sedge

Very rare

 

DD

 

Cerastium arvense

Field Mouse-ear

Frequent

 

LC

 

Chenopodium macrospermum

Goosefoot

Occasional

 

LC

 

Chevreulia lycopodioides

Clubmoss Cudweed

Frequent, ENDEMIC

LC

LC

 

Chiliotrichum diffusum

Fachine

Frequent

 

LC

 

Chloraea fonkii

Gaudichaud's Orchid

Scarce

 

LC

Protected

Codonorchis lessonii

Dog Orchid

Occasional

 

LC

 

Colobanthus quitensis

Andean Pearlwort

Frequent

 

LC

 

Colobanthus subulatus

Emerald-bog

Frequent

 

LC

 

Cortaderia pilosa

Whitegrass

Frequent

 

LC

 

Crassula moschata

Native Stonecrop

Frequent

 

LC

 

Cystopteris fragilis

Brittle Bladder-fern

Rare

 

VU

 

Deschampsia antarctica

Antarctic Hair-grass

Occasional

 

LC

 

Deschampsia flexuosa

Wavy Hair-grass

Frequent

 

LC

 

Deschampsia parvula

Dwarf Hair-grass

Rare

 

LC

 

Draba funiculosa

Whitlowgrass

Scarce

 

LC

 

Draba magellanica

Fuegian Whitlowgrass

Very rare

 

CR

 

Drapetes muscosus

Drapetes

Occasional

 

LC

 

Drosera uniflora

Sundew

Occasional

 

LC

 

Elatine triandra

Waterwort

Very Rare

 

EN

 

Eleocharis melanostachys

Spike-rush

Occasional

 

LC

 

Elymus magellanicus

Fuegian Couch

Occasional

 

LC

 

Empetrum rubrum

Diddle-dee

Common

 

LC

 

Erigeron incertus

Hairy Daisy

Scarce, ENDEMIC

EN

EN

Protected

Euphrasia antarctica

Eyebright

Scarce

 

LC

 

Festuca contracta

Land-tussac

Occasional

 

LC

 

Festuca magellanica

Fuegian Fescue

Frequent

 

LC

 

Gaimardia australis

Gaimardia

Scarce

 

LC

 

Galium antarcticum

Antarctic Bedstraw

Frequent

 

LC

 

Gamochaeta americana

American Cudweed

Occasional

 

LC

 

Gamochaeta antarctica

Antarctic Cudweed

Rare, ENDEMIC

EN

EN

 

Gamochaeta malvinensis

Falkland Cudweed

Frequent

 

LC

 

Gamochaeta spiciformis

Spiked Cudweed

Frequent

 

LC

 

Gaultheria antarctica

Antarctic Mountainberry

Occasional

 

LC

 

Gaultheria antarctica x pumila

Mountainberry hybrid

Very rare

 

LC

 

Gaultheria pumila

Mountainberry

Common

 

LC

 

Gavilea australis

Pale Yellow Orchid

Rare

 

VU

Protected

Gavilea littoralis

Yellow Orchid

Scarce

 

LC

 

Gentianella magellanica

Felwort

Occasional

 

LC

 

Grammitis poeppigiana

Strap-fern

Very rare

 

VU

 

Gunnera magellanica

Pigvine

Common

 

LC

 

Hamadryas argentea

Silvery Buttercup

Scarce, ENDEMIC

NT

NT

 

Hieracium antarcticum

Antarctic Hawkweed

Scarce

 

LC

 

Hieracium patagonicum

Patagonian Hawkweed

Rare

 

EN

 

Hierochloe redolens

Cinnamon-grass

Frequent

 

LC

 

Huperzia fuegiana

Fir Clubmoss

Rare

 

VU

Protected

Hydrocotyle chamaemorus

Marsh Pennywort

Occasional

 

LC

 

Hymenophyllum caespitosum

Red-haired Filmy-fern

Scarce

 

LC

 

Hymenophyllum darwinii

Darwin's Filmy-fern

Very rare

 

CR

 

Hymenophyllum falklandicum

Falkland Filmy-fern

Scarce

 

LC

 

Hymenophyllum tortuosum

Twisted Filmy-fern

Rare

 

LC

 

Hypochaeris arenaria

Sand Cat's-ear

Occasional

 

LC

 

Hypolepis poeppigii

Bramble-fern

Very rare

 

CR

 

Isolepis cernua

Nodding Club-rush

Frequent

 

LC

 

Juncus scheuchzerioides

Native Rush

Frequent

 

LC

 

Koeleria permollis

Berg's Hair-grass

Very rare (1937-1938)

 

CR

 

Lagenophora nudicaulis

Dwarf Daisy

Occasional

 

LC

 

Lepidium didymum

Lesser Swine-cress

Occasional

 

LC

 

Leptinella scariosa

Buttonweed

Frequent

 

LC

 

Leucheria suaveolens

Vanilla Daisy

Frequent, ENDEMIC

LC

LC

 

Lilaeopsis macloviana

Lilaeopsis

Frequent

 

LC

 

Limosella australis

Southern Mudwort

Scarce

 

LC

 

Littorella australis

Shoreweed

Scarce

 

LC

 

Lobelia pratiana

Berry-lobelia

Frequent

 

LC

 

Luzula alopecurus

Native Wood-rush

Frequent

 

LC

 

Luzuriaga marginata

Almond-flower

Frequent

 

LC

 

Lycopodium confertum

Creeping Clubmoss

Scarce

 

LC

 

Lycopodium magellanicum

Common Clubmoss

Frequent

 

LC

 

Marsippospermum grandiflorum

Tall Rush

Frequent

 

LC

 

Montia fontana

Blinks

Occasional

 

LC

 

Myriophyllum quitense

Water-milfoil

Frequent

 

LC

 

Myrteola nummularia

Teaberry

Frequent

 

LC

 

Nanodea muscosa

Foxberry

Occasional

 

LC

 

Nassauvia gaudichaudii

Coastal Nassauvia

Frequent, ENDEMIC

LC

LC

 

Nassauvia serpens

Snakeplant

Scarce, ENDEMIC

LC

LC

 

Nastanthus falklandicus

False-plantain

Rare, ENDEMIC

EN

EN

Protected

Nertera granadensis

Beadplant

Frequent

 

LC

 

Olsynium filifolium

Pale Maiden

Frequent

 

LC

 

Ophioglossum crotalophoroides

Adder's-tongue

Rare

 

VU

Protected

Oreobolus obtusangulus

Oreob/ Prickly-bog

Frequent

 

LC

 

Oreomyrrhis hookeri

Hooker's Sweet Cicely

Frequent

 

LC

 

Oxalis enneaphylla

Scurvygrass

Frequent

 

LC

 

Perezia recurvata

Falkland Lavender

Frequent

 

LC

 

Phlebolobium maclovianum

Falkland Rock-cress

Scarce, ENDEMIC

EN

EN

Protected

Plantago barbata

Thrift Plantain

Frequent

 

LC

 

Plantago maritima

Sea Plantain

Very rare

 

CR

 

Plantago moorei

Moore's Plantain

Very rare, ENDEMIC

EN

EN

Protected

Poa alopecurus

Bluegrass

Frequent

 

LC

 

Poa flabellata

Tussac/ Tussac-grass

Frequent

 

LC

 

Poa robusta

Shore Meadow-grass

Frequent

 

LC

 

Polygonum maritimum

Sea Knotgrass

Occasional

 

LC

 

Polystichum mohrioides

Shield-fern

Scarce

 

LC

 

Potamogeton linguatus

Native Pondweed

Rare

 

NT

Protected

Primula magellanica

Dusty Miller

Occasional

 

LC

 

Psychrophila appendiculata

Dwarf Marigold

Occasional

 

LC

 

Psychrophila sagittata

Arrow-leaved Marigold

Occasional

 

LC

 

Puccinellia pusilla

Dwarf Saltmarsh-grass

Very rare

 

EN

 

Ranunculus acaulis

Skottsberg's Buttercup

Occasional

 

LC

 

Ranunculus biternatus

Antarctic Buttercup

Frequent

 

LC

 

Ranunculus hydrophilus

Marsh Buttercup

Occasional

 

LC

 

Ranunculus maclovianus

Falkland Buttercup

Occasional

 

LC

 

Ranunculus pseudotrullifolius

False Ladle-leaved Buttercup

Scarce

 

LC

 

Ranunculus sericocephalus

Silky Buttercup

Occasional

 

LC

 

Ranunculus trullifolius

Ladle-leaved Buttercup

Occasional

 

LC

 

Rostkovia magellanica

Short Rush/ Brown Rush

Frequent

 

LC

 

Rubus geoides

Falkland Strawberry

Frequent

 

LC

 

Rumex magellanicus

Southern Dock

Rare

 

LC

 

Rumohra adiantiformis

Leathery Shield-fern

Very rare

 

EN

Protected

Ruppia filifolia

Tasselweed

Rare

 

VU

 

Samolus repens

Shore Pimpernel

Very rare

 

CR

 

Saxifraga magellanica

Saxifrage

Very rare

 

CR

Protected

Schizaea fistulosa

Comb Fern

Very rare

 

CR

 

Schizeilema ranunculus

Buttercup-parsley

Frequent

 

LC

 

Schoenoplectus californicus

California Club-rush

Rare

 

NT

 

Scutellaria nummulariifolia

Skullcap

Very rare

 

CR

 

Senecio candidans

Sea Cabbage

Frequent

 

LC

 

Senecio littoralis

Woolly Falkland Daisy

Occasional, ENDEMIC

LC

LC

 

Senecio vaginatus

Smooth Falkland Daisy

Occasional, ENDEMIC

LC

LC

 

Sisyrinchium chilense

Yellow Maiden

Scarce

 

LC

 

Spergularia marina

Lesser Sea-spurrey

Occasional

 

LC

 

Stellaria debilis

Native Stitchwort

Scarce

 

LC

 

Sticherus cryptocarpa

Coral-fern

Scarce

 

LC

 

Suaeda argentinensis

Shrubby Seablite

Very rare

 

EN

Protected

Symphyotrichum vahlii

Marsh Daisy

Frequent

 

LC

 

Taraxacum gilliesii

Gillie's Dandelion

Scarce

 

LC

 

Tetroncium magellanicum

Arrowgrass

Scarce

 

LC

 

Trisetum phleoides

Spiked Oat-grass

Frequent

 

LC

 

Uncinia kingii

King's Hook-sedge

Very rare

 

DD

 

Uncinia macloviana

Hook-sedge

Occasional

 

LC

 

Valeriana sedifolia

Valerian-bog

Scarce

 

LC

 

Veronica elliptica

Native Boxwood

Occasional

 

LC

 

Viola maculata

Common Violet

Occasional

 

LC

 

Viola magellanica

Fuegian Violet

Very rare

 

CR

Protected

Viola tridentata

Mountain Violet

Scarce

 

LC

 

 

1Protected = protected by Conservation of Wildlife and Nature Ordinance 1999

Critically Endangered/ Endangered/ Vulnerable = the international IUCN threat category which applies to this species

National IUCN ratings have not been included here as they are currently under review

 

2. Checklist of Falkland introduced vascular plants

Latin name

Common name

Naturalisation notes

Frequency across the Falkland Islands

Invasiveness

Achillea millefolium subsp. millefolium

Yarrow

Cultivated ornamental

Scarce

Naturalised

Agrostis capillaris

Common Bent

Cultivated pasture & lawn

Scarce

Naturalised - spreading

Agrostis stolonifera

Creeping Bent

Cultivated pasture & lawn

Occasional

Naturalised

Aira caryophyllea

Silver Hair-grass

Not cultivated

Scarce

Naturalised

Aira praecox

Early Hair-grass

Not cultivated

Frequent

Naturalised

Allium schoenoprasum

Chives

Cultivated herb

Rare

Naturalised - anthropogenic

Allium triquetrum

Three-cornered Garlic

Cultivated ornamental

Rare

Naturalised - anthropogenic

Alopecurus geniculatus

Marsh Foxtail

Cultivated for pasture

Rare

Naturalised

Ammophila arenaria

Marram

Erosion control

Occasional

Naturalised - spreading

Anthemis punctata subsp. cupaniana

Sicilian Chamomile

Cultivated ornamental

Very rare

Naturalised

Anthoxanthum odoratum

Sweet Vernal-grass

Cultivated for pasture

Occasional

Naturalised

Anthriscus sylvestris

Cow Parsley

Not cultivated

Very rare

Naturalised

Aphanes arvensis

Parsley-piert

Not cultivated

Rare

Naturalised

Armoracia rusticana

Horseradish

Cultivated herb

Very rare

Naturalised

Arrhenatherum elatius

False Oat-grass

Not cultivated

Very rare

Unknown

Asplenium scolopendrium

Hart's-tongue Fern

Unknown

Very rare

Unknown

Atriplex patula

Common Orache

Not cultivated

Rare

Naturalised

Atriplex prostrata

Spear-leaved Orache

Not cultivated

Very rare

Casual

Avena sativa

Oat

Cultivated for fodder

Rare

Naturalised

Bellis perennis

Daisy

Cultivated ornamental

Frequent

Naturalised

Berberis microphylla

Calafate

Cultivated ornamental

Rare

Naturalised

Brassica oleracea

Cabbage

Cultivated vegetable

Very rare

Naturalised

Brassica rapa subsp. rapa

Turnip

Cultivated vegetable & fodder

Very rare

Naturalised

Bromus catharticus

Rescue Brome

Not cultivated

Very rare

Unknown

Bromus condensatus

Upright Brome

Not cultivated

Very rare

Unknown

Bromus hordeaceus subsp. hordeaceus

Soft Brome

Not cultivated

Rare

Naturalised - anthropogenic

Bromus sterilis

Barren Brome

Not cultivated

Very rare

Naturalised

Calluna vulgaris

Heather

Cultivated ornamental

Rare

Naturalised

Capsella bursa-pastoris

Shepherd's-purse

Not cultivated

Occasional

Naturalised

Cardamine hirsuta

Hairy Bitter-cress

Not cultivated

Very rare

Naturalised

Carex flacca

Glaucous Sedge

Not cultivated

Very rare

Naturalised

Castanea sativa

Sweet Chestnut

Ornamental & windbreak

Very rare

Persisting (Taxa)

Cerastium fontanum subsp. vulgare

Common Mouse-ear

Not cultivated

Frequent

Naturalised

Cerastium glomeratum

Sticky Mouse-ear

Not cultivated

Very rare

Naturalised - anthropogenic

Cirsium arvense var. arvense

Creeping Thistle

Not cultivated

Rare

Naturalised - anthropogenic

Cirsium vulgare

Spear Thistle

Not cultivated

Rare

Naturalised - anthropogenic

Claytonia perfoliata

Spring beauty

Not cultivated

Very rare

Naturalised - anthropogenic

Cochlearia officinalis subsp. officinalis

English Scurvygrass

Not cultivated

Rare

Naturalised

Conium maculatum

Hemlock

Not cultivated

Very rare

Naturalised - anthropogenic

Crepis capillaris

Smooth Hawks-beard

Not cultivated

Rare

Naturalised

Cupressus macrocarpa

Monterey Cypress

Ornamental & windbreak

Scarce

Casual & Persisting (Taxa)

Cynosurus cristatus

Crested Dog's-tail

Not cultivated

Rare

Naturalised

Cytisus scoparius

Broom

Cultivated ornamental

Very rare

Casual

Dactylis glomerata

Cock's-foot

Not cultivated

Occasional

Naturalised

Digitalis purpurea

Foxglove

Cultivated ornamental

Very rare

Naturalised - anthropogenic

Dryopteris dilatata

Broad Buckler-fern

Cultivated ornamental

Very rare

Casual

Elymus repens

Common Couch

Not cultivated

Rare

Naturalised

Epilobium obscurum

Short-fruited Willowherb

Not cultivated

 

Unknown

Equisetum arvense

Field Horsetail

Not cultivated

Very rare

Naturalised - anthropogenic

Erodium cicutarium

Common Storks-bill

Not cultivated

Scarce

Naturalised

Erophila verna

Introduced Whitlowgrass

Not cultivated

Very rare

Naturalised

Eucalyptus gunnii

Cider Gum

Ornamental & windbreak

 

Persisting (Taxa)

Euphorbia peplus

Petty Spurge

Not cultivated

Very rare

Naturalised

Euphrasia confusa

European Eyebright

Not cultivated

Very rare

Naturalised

Festuca filiformis

Fine-leaved Sheep's Fescue

Unknown

Very rare

Unknown

Festuca pratensis

Meadow Fescue

Not cultivated

Very rare

Unknown

Festuca rubra

Red Fescue

Cultivated pasture & lawn

 

Naturalised

Fuchsia magellanica

Fuchsia

Cultivated ornamental

Rare

Naturalised

Fumaria muralis

Common Ramping-Fumitory

Not cultivated

Rare

Naturalised

Galium aparine subsp. aparine

Cleavers

Not cultivated

Very rare

Naturalised

Galium saxatile

Heath Bedstraw

Not cultivated

Scarce

Naturalised

Geranium molle

Dove's-foot Cranes-bill

Not cultivated

Rare

Naturalised

Geranium pusillum

Small-flowered Crane's-bill

Not cultivated

Very rare

Naturalised - anthropogenic

Geranium robertianum

Herb Robert

Not cultivated

Very rare

Unknown

Gnaphalium luteoalbum

Jersey Cudweed

Not cultivated

Rare

Naturalised

Hedera helix

Ivy

Cultivated ornamental

Very rare

Naturalised

Heracleum sphondylium subsp. sphondylium

Hogweed

Not cultivated

Very rare

Naturalised - anthropogenic

Hesperis matronalis

Dame's-violet

Cultivated ornamental

Very rare

Naturalised - anthropogenic

Holcus lanatus

Yorkshire Fog

Cultivated for pasture

Frequent

Naturalised

Hordeum jubatum

Foxtail Barley

Not cultivated

Rare

Naturalised

Hyacinthoides x massartiana

Hybrid Bluebell

Cultivated ornamental

Rare

Naturalised - anthropogenic

Hypochaeris radicata subsp. radicata

Common Cat's-ear

Not cultivated

Occasional

Naturalised

Juncus articulatus

Jointed Rush

Not cultivated

Very rare

Naturalised - anthropogenic

Juncus bufonius

Toad Rush

Not cultivated

Very rare

Naturalised - anthropogenic

Juncus effusus

Soft Rush

Not cultivated

Rare

Naturalised

Lamium amplexicaule

Henbit Dead-nettle

Not cultivated

Very rare

Naturalised - anthropogenic

Lamium hybridum

Cut-leaved Dead-nettle

Not cultivated

Rare

Naturalised - anthropogenic

Lamium purpureum var. purpureum

Red Dead-nettle

Not cultivated

Rare

Naturalised

Leontodon hispidus

Rough Hawkbit

Not cultivated

Rare

Naturalised

Leucanthemum vulgare

Oxeye Daisy

Cultivated ornamental

Scarce

Naturalised

Leucanthemum x superbum

Shasta Daisy

Cultivated ornamental

Very rare

Naturalised - anthropogenic

Levisticum officinale

Lovage

Cultivated herb

Very rare

Casual

Leymus arenarius

Lyme-grass

Not cultivated

Scarce

Naturalised

Lolium perenne

Perennial Rye-grass

Cultivated pasture & lawn

Rare

Naturalised

Lonicera periclymenum

Honeysuckle

Cultivated ornamental

Rare

Persisting (Taxa)

Lotus corniculatus

Bird's-foot-trefoil

Cultivated for pasture

Very rare

Naturalised - anthropogenic

Lotus pedunculatus

Greater Bird's-foot-trefoil

Cultivated for pasture

Very rare

Naturalised

Lupinus arboreus

Tree Lupin

Cultivated ornamental

Very rare

Naturalised - anthropogenic

Luzula campestris

Field Wood-rush

Not cultivated

Occasional

Naturalised

Luzula multiflora subsp. congesta

Dense-headed Heath Wood-rush

Not cultivated

Very rare

Naturalised

Luzula multiflora subsp. multiflora

Heath Wood-rush

Not cultivated

Unknown

Naturalised

Malus domestica

Apple

Cultivated fruit

Rare

Casual

Matricaria discoidea

Pineappleweed

Not cultivated

Occasional

Naturalised

Maytenus magellanica

Pickwood

Cultivated ornamental

Very rare

Persisting (Taxa)

Medicago sativa

Lucerne

Not cultivated

Very rare

Naturalised - anthropogenic

Mentha spicata

Spearmint

Cultivated herb

Very rare

Naturalised

Mentha x piperita

Peppermint

Cultivated herb

Rare

Naturalised

Mentha x villosa

Apple-mint

Cultivated herb

Very rare

Naturalised - anthropogenic

Myosotis arvensis subsp. arvensis

Field Forget-me-not

Not cultivated

Very rare

Naturalised - anthropogenic

Myosotis discolor

Changing Forget-me-not

Not cultivated

Scarce

Naturalised

Myosotis ramosissima

Early Forget-me-not

Not cultivated

Very rare

Naturalised

Narcissus sp.

Daffodil

Cultivated ornamental

 

Naturalised

Nasturtium officinale

Water-cress

Cultivated herb

Very rare

Naturalised - anthropogenic

Nothofagus betuloides

Southern Beech

Ornamental & windbreak

Very rare

Persisting (Taxa)

Papaver dubium subsp. dubium

Long-headed Poppy

Not cultivated

Very rare

Naturalised - anthropogenic

Papaver dubium subsp. lecoqii

Yellow-juiced Poppy

Not cultivated

 

Naturalised

Parentucellia viscosa

Yellow Bartsia

Not cultivated

Very rare

Naturalised

Phalaris arundinacea var. arundinacea

Reed Canary-grass

Cultivated for pasture

Very rare

Naturalised

Phalaris arundinacea var. picta

Gardeners-garters

Cultivated ornamental

Very rare

Casual

Phleum pratense

Timothy

Cultivated for pasture

Rare

Naturalised

Phormium tenax

New Zealand Flax

Cultivated ornamental

Very rare

Naturalised

Picea sitchensis

Sitka Spruce

Ornamental & windbreak

Rare

Persisting (Taxa)

Pilosella aurantiaca subsp. aurantiaca

Orange Hawkweed, Fox-and-cubs

Cultivated ornamental

Rare

Naturalised

Pilosella officinarum

Mouse-ear-hawkweed

Not cultivated

Rare

Naturalised

Pinus contorta

Lodgepole Pine

Ornamental & windbreak

Rare

Persisting (Taxa)

Pinus echinata

Shortleaf Pine

Ornamental & windbreak

Very rare

Persisting (Taxa)

Pinus muricata

Bishop Pine

Ornamental & windbreak

Very rare

Persisting (Taxa)

Pinus radiata

Monterey Pine

Cultivated ornamental

Very rare

Persisting (Taxa)

Pinus sylvestris

Scots Pine

Ornamental & windbreak

Very rare

Persisting (Taxa)

Plantago coronopus

Buck's-horn Plantain

Not cultivated

Very rare

Naturalised - anthropogenic

Plantago lanceolata

Ribwort Plantain

Cultivated for pasture

Rare

Naturalised

Plantago major

Greater Plantain

Not cultivated

Very rare

Naturalised

Poa annua

Annual Meadow-grass

Not cultivated

Frequent

Naturalised

Poa pratensis

Smooth-stalked Meadow-grass

Cultivated pasture & lawn

Frequent

Naturalised

Polygonum aviculare

Knotgrass

Not cultivated

Very rare

Naturalised - anthropogenic

Populus x canescens

Grey Poplar

Ornamental & windbreak

Rare

Persisting (Taxa)

Potentilla anserina

Silverweed

Not cultivated

Very rare

Naturalised

Prunella vulgaris

Selfheal

Not cultivated

Very rare

Naturalised

Prunus domestica

Plum

Cultivated fruit

Very rare

Casual

Quercus robur

Pedunculate Oak

Ornamental & windbreak

Very rare

Persisting (Taxa)

Ranunculus repens

Creeping Buttercup

Not cultivated

Rare

Naturalised

Ranunculus sceleratus

Celery-leaved Buttercup

Not cultivated

Very rare

Naturalised - anthropogenic

Rheum x hybridum

Rhubarb

Cultivated vegetable

Very rare

Persisting (Taxa)

Ribes magellanicum subsp. magellanicum

Magellanic Currant

Cultivated ornamental

Rare

Naturalised

Ribes nigrum

Black Currant

Cultivated fruit

Rare

Persisting (Taxa)

Ribes rubrum

Red Currant

Cultivated fruit

Very rare

Persisting (Taxa)

Ribes uva-crispa

Gooseberry

Cultivated fruit

Rare

Persisting (Taxa)

Rosa canina

Dog-rose

Cultivated ornamental

Very rare

Casual

Rosa rubiginosa

Sweet-briar

Cultivated ornamental

Very rare

Naturalised

Rosa rugosa

Japanese Rose

Cultivated ornamental

Very rare

Naturalised

Rubus idaeus

Raspberry

Cultivated fruit

Rare

Naturalised - anthropogenic

Rumex acetosa

Sorrel

Cultivated herb

Very rare

Naturalised

Rumex acetosella subsp. acetosella

Sheep's Sorrel

Not cultivated

Frequent

Naturalised

Rumex acetosella subsp. pyrenaiceus

Round-seeded Sheep's Sorrel

Not cultivated

Frequent

Naturalised

Rumex crispus

Curled Dock

Not cultivated

Scarce

Naturalised

Rumex longifolius

Northern Dock

Not cultivated

Rare

Naturalised

Rumex obtusifolius

Broad-leaved Dock

Not cultivated

Scarce

Naturalised

Sagina filicaulis

Annual Pearlwort

Not cultivated

Very rare

Naturalised

Sagina procumbens

Procumbent Pearlwort

Not cultivated

Frequent

Naturalised

Salix cinerea

Grey Willow

Ornamental & windbreak

Very rare

Casual

Salix gmelinii

Gmelin's Willow

Ornamental & windbreak

Very rare

Persisting (Taxa)

Salix viminalis

Osier

Ornamental & windbreak

Very rare

Persisting (Taxa)

Salix x rubra

Green-leaved Willow

Ornamental & windbreak

 

Persisting (Taxa)

Sambucus nigra cv. 'Marginata'

Variegated Elder

Cultivated ornamental

Rare

Persisting (Taxa)

Sambucus nigra f. laciniata

Cut-leaved Elder

Cultivated ornamental

Rare

Persisting (Taxa)

Sambucus nigra f. nigra

Elder

Cultivated ornamental

Rare

Casual & Persisting (Taxa)

Sedum acre

Biting Stonecrop

Cultivated ornamental

Rare

Naturalised

Sedum forsterianum

Rock stonecrop

Cultivated ornamental

Very rare

Naturalised - anthropogenic

Senecio squalidus

Oxford Ragwort

Not cultivated

Very rare

Naturalised - anthropogenic

Senecio sylvaticus

Heath groundsel

Not cultivated

Occasional

Naturalised

Senecio vulgaris subsp. vulgaris

Groundsel

Not cultivated

Frequent

Naturalised

Sidalcea malviflora

Greek Mallow

Cultivated ornamental

Very rare

Casual

Silene uniflora

Bladder Campion

Cultivated ornamental

Very rare

Naturalised

Solanum tuberosum

Potato

Cultivated vegetable

Very rare

Casual

Sonchus asper subsp. asper var. asper

Prickly Sow-thistle

Not cultivated

Occasional

Naturalised

Sonchus oleraceus var. oleraceus

Smooth Sow-thistle

Not cultivated

Very rare

Naturalised - anthropogenic

Sorbus aria

Whitebeam

Cultivated ornamental

Very rare

Persisting (Taxa)

Sorbus aucuparia

Rowan

Cultivated ornamental

Very rare

Casual & Persisting (Taxa)

Spergula arvensis

Corn Spurrey

Not cultivated

Rare

Naturalised

Stellaria alsine

Bog Stitchwort

Not cultivated

Very rare

Naturalised

Stellaria media

Chickweed

Not cultivated

Occasional

Naturalised

Tanacetum parthenium cv. 'Aureum'

Golden Feverfew

Cultivated ornamental

Very rare

Naturalised

Tanacetum vulgare

Tansy

Cultivated ornamental

Rare

Casual & Persisting (Taxa)

Taraxacum officinale

Dandelion

Not cultivated

Occasional

Naturalised

Trifolium arvense

Hare's-foot Clover

Not cultivated

Very rare

Naturalised

Trifolium aureum

Golden Clover

Not cultivated

Very rare

Naturalised - anthropogenic

Trifolium dubium

Lesser Trefoil

Not cultivated

Occasional

Naturalised

Trifolium fragiferum

Strawberry Clover

Not cultivated

Very rare

Naturalised

Trifolium hybridum

Alsike Clover

Cultivated for pasture

Very rare

Naturalised - anthropogenic

Trifolium pratense

Red Clover

Cultivated for pasture

Very rare

Naturalised - anthropogenic

Trifolium repens

White Clover

Cultivated for pasture

Occasional

Naturalised

Trifolium striatum

Knotted Clover

Not cultivated

Very rare

Naturalised

Tripleurospermum maritimum subsp. inodorum

Scentless Mayweed

Not cultivated

Rare

Naturalised

Triticum aestivum

Wheat

Not cultivated

Very rare

Casual

Tussilago farfara

Colt's foot

Not cultivated

Very rare

Naturalised - anthropogenic

Ulex europaeus

Gorse

Ornamental & windbreak

Occasional

Naturalised

Urtica urens

Annual Stinging-nettle

Not cultivated

Scarce

Naturalised

Valerianella locusta

Lamb's Lettuce

Cultivated vegetable

Very rare

Unknown

Veronica agrestis

Green Field Speedwell

Not cultivated

Very rare

Naturalised - anthropogenic

Veronica arvensis

Wall Speedwell

Not cultivated

Rare

Naturalised - anthropogenic

Veronica officinalis

Heath Speedwell

Not cultivated

Very rare

Naturalised - anthropogenic

Veronica serpyllifolia subsp. serpyllifolia

Thyme-leaved Speedwell

Not cultivated

Occasional

Naturalised

Veronica x franciscana

Hybrid Boxwood

Cultivated ornamental

Rare

Naturalised - anthropogenic

Vicia cracca

Tufted Vetch

Not cultivated

Very rare

Naturalised - anthropogenic

Vicia sativa

Common Vetch

Not cultivated

Very rare

Naturalised

Vicia sepium

Bush Vetch

Not cultivated

Very rare

Unknown

Viola arvensis

Field Pansy

Not cultivated

Scarce

Naturalised - anthropogenic

Viola tricolor

Heartsease/ Wild Pansy

Not cultivated

Very rare

Naturalised - anthropogenic

Viola x wittrockiana

Pansy

Cultivated ornamental

Very rare

Naturalised

Vulpia bromoides

Squirreltail Fescue

Cultivated for pasture

Occasional

Naturalised

 

 

 

Species of uncertain status:

Latin name

Common name

Naturalisation notes

Brassica napus subsp. rapifera

Swede

Cultivated vegetable

Centaurium pulchellum

Lesser Centaury

Not cultivated

Cichorium intybus

Chicory

Cultivated vegetable

Dryopteris filix-mas

Male-fern

Cultivated ornamental

Elymus farctus

Sand Couch

Not cultivated

Epilobium ciliatum

American Willowherb

Not cultivated

Festuca ovina

Sheep's Fescue

Unknown

Fuchsia 'Corallina'

Large-flowered Fuchsia

Cultivated ornamental

Glycyrrhiza astragalina

 

Not cultivated

Hordeum comosum

Hairy Barley

Not cultivated

Hordeum murinum subsp. murinum

Wall Barley

Not cultivated

Hyacinthoides non-scripta

English Bluebell

Cultivated ornamental

Lolium multiflorum

Italian Rye-grass

Unknown

Narcissus pseudonarcissus

Daffodil

Unknown

Pinus nigra subsp. nigra

Austrian Pine

Windbreak/Forestry

Plantago media

Hoary Plantain

Not cultivated

Poa trivialis

Rough-stalked Meadow-grass

Cultivated for pasture?

Rumex hydrolapathum

Water Dock

Not cultivated

Saxifraga x urbium

London Pride

Cultivated ornamental

Senecio jacobaea subsp. jacobaea var. jacobaea

European Ragwort

Not cultivated

Silene latifolia

White Campion

Cultivated ornamental

Stellaria graminea

Lesser Stitchwort

Not cultivated

Stipa neaei

Feathergrass

Not cultivated

Trisetum spicatum

Spike Trisetum

Not cultivated

Ulex gallii

Western Gorse

Cultivated ornamental

 

 

 

Excluded species:

Latin name

Common name

Naturalisation notes

Achillea tomentosa

Woolly Yarrow

Cultivated ornamental

Berberis darwinii

Darwin's Barberry

Cultivated ornamental, only found in cultivation

Cardamine flexuosa var. flexuosa

Wavy Bitter-cress

Not cultivated

Fumaria officinalis

Common Fumitory

Not cultivated

Medicago arabica

Heart clover

Not cultivated

Medicago lupulina

Black Medic

Not cultivated

Populus alba

White Poplar

Not cultivated

Senecio viscosus

Sticky groundsel

Not cultivated

Silene vulgaris

Bladder Campion

Not cultivated

Tanacetum parthenium

Feverfew

Cultivated ornamental, only found in cultivation